Many eye conditions are avoidable, but without regular eye tests many people don’t know they have them until it’s too late. A simple eye examination can pinpoint eye conditions that are a threat to your sight before they reach an advanced stage.
Some eye conditions have similar symptoms and cannot be properly diagnosed unless checked in detail by a qualified optometrist.
Here is a short explanation of the eye conditions that affect thousands of people each year:
Glaucoma: Affects your peripheral vision leading to tunnel vision. If Glaucoma is not treated it can result in a complete loss of vision as symptoms are very difficult to spot until they reach an advanced stage. High pressure in the eye can cause Glaucoma.
Astigmatism: This occurs when the surface of the cornea is not spherical. In other words, the shape of the eye is more like a rugby ball than a football but this is not noticeable just by looking at someone’s eyes. The eye won’t be able to focus objects into a sharp focussed image on the retina. Astigmatism can also be corrected using certain types of contact lenses.
Conjunctivitis: Causes mild discomfort, red eye, sensitivity to light and some white/yellow discharge, which may be worse first thing in the morning. Conjunctivitis is an inflammation of the conjunctiva often caused by bacteria, viruses and allergic reactions. It can also be very contagious so be sure to wash your hands after touching your face and avoid sharing towels.
Dry Eye: Often caused by the eye not creating enough tears leading to uncomfortable and gritty feeling in the eyes. There are a number of causes of dry eye. They include the natural ageing process, structural problems in the eye and blocked tear ducts. We can recommend some of the latest products to ease these symptoms for you.
Age-related Macular Degeneration: This condition usually affects older adults resulting in a loss of vision. It is often caused by long-term damage to the retina. It occurs in dry and wet forms and leads to blurred central vision. Other symptoms include a loss of contrast sensitivity, distorted vision and trouble discerning colours. Our latest MPOD screening equipment will be able to assess your eyes and give our optometrists a clear indication of future AMD risk.
Myopia: More commonly known as short-sightedness, Myopia occurs when light from distant objects forms an image before it reaches the retina. It means that you will have clear vision when focussing on close-up objects but blurred vision when looking at distant objects. This can easily be corrected by contact lenses or glasses with the correct lens.
Hyperopia: Better known as long-sightedness, Hyperopia occurs when images of nearby objects form behind the retina. This may be because the eye is too short or doesn’t refract light well enough. This can be corrected with prescription lenses.
Presbyopia: This is when the eye struggles to focus on nearby objects. Effects of Presbyopia are gradual and will at some point affect everyone. Eyesight is blurred but can be easily corrected with glasses or contact lenses.
If you are experiencing some of the symptoms that are related to common eye conditions, it is vital that you visit a qualified and experienced optometrist.
They will be able to detect threatening eye problems before they take shape and give you support and information on how to treat the condition.